Who invented Third Generation Computer

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By nacyphelma nacyphelma

The invention of the third generation of computer was a significant milestone in the history of computing. Unlike the first and second of generation computers that relied on vacuum tubes and transistors, third generation computers were powered by integrated circuits, making them smaller, faster, and more powerful.


The development of these computers was a collaborative effort among several researchers and engineers in the 1960s and 1970s. While there is no single individual credited with inventing the third generation of computer, it was a culmination of the work of many brilliant minds in the field of computing. This essay will explore the history of the third generation of computer and the key individuals involved in its development.

Jack Kilby – The Inventor of the Microchip

One man who played a critical role in the development of the third generation of computers was Jack Kilby. Kilby was an electrical engineer who worked for Texas Instruments, and in 1958, he invented the microchip. The microchip, or integrated circuit, was a tiny piece of silicon that contained thousands of transistors, allowing for more processing power and faster data processing. Kilby’s invention was a game-changer, enabling machines to become smaller, more affordable, and more accessible.


Robert Noyce – The Co-Inventor of the Microchip

While Kilby is credited with inventing the microchip, he was not alone in his efforts. Robert Noyce, who worked for Fairchild Semiconductor, was also working on a similar invention at the same time. In 1959, Noyce developed a way to create a microchip using a different process, which allowed for even more processing power and faster data processing. Noyce’s invention paved the way for the development of even more complex and sophisticated software and applications.


Gene Amdahl – The Architect of IBM System/360

IBM System/360 was one of the most significant computers of the third generation, and it was the brainchild of Gene Amdahl. Amdahl was an engineer who worked for IBM and was responsible for designing the architecture of System/360. The machine was designed to be more versatile and user-friendly, making it accessible to a wider audience. System/360 was a huge success, and it set the standard for computer architecture for many years to come.


Ken Thompson and Dennis Ritchie – The Creators of Unix

Unix is an operating system that was developed in the 1970s, and it played a critical role in the development of the third generation of computers. Ken Thompson and Dennis Ritchie, who worked for Bell Labs, were the creators of Unix. The operating system was designed to be more user-friendly, allowing multiple users to access the same computer simultaneously. Unix also introduced the concept of a hierarchical file system, which made it easier to store and access data.


Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak – The Founders of Apple

Apple is one of the most recognizable brands in the world, and it was founded by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak in 1976. The two men were responsible for the development of the Apple II, which was one of the first successful personal computers. The Apple II was affordable, user-friendly, and allowed people to perform tasks such as word processing and spreadsheet calculations from the comfort of their own homes. Jobs and Wozniak’s contributions to the third

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